How can a place in a hierarchy be established ?
A place in the hierarchy can be given by
Tiki's place in the hierarchy came from his mum Georgia, she's an average ranking female in part of the higher ranking matriline..
Who is in a hierarchy (eg alpha)
In general the order starts from the Alpha to Beta..
How is a hierarchy maintained - agonistic behavior definition & example
Benefits of a hierarchy (use last slide & notes)
They reduce the amount of actual, full-blown aggression where individuals could be injured or killed because they already know their place in the hierarchy.
Reduced competition because individuals know when they are allowed access to mates or resources such as
kills to eat.
Non-breeding individuals can help raise the offspring of others (kin-selection).